10.2. What is the Current State of UEFI?¶
This file documents the current state of UEFI booting in Digital Rebar.
Right now, we have basic support for network booting systems running in UEFI mode. We are able to netboot Sledgehammer and the OS install kernel/initrd pairs and have gotten to the point where we have an installed operating system on the compute nodes.
10.3. How To Use UEFI?¶
- Switch the system to operate in UEFI mode. How this is done varies from system to system.
- Once the system is in UEFI mode, configure it to network boot off the first nic.
- The rebar framework will handle things from there.
10.4. What Does UEFI give me?¶
UEFI provides the following:
- Native support for drive sizes > 2TB.
- All new low-level system firmware.
10.5. What Does Not Work?¶
Booting Ubuntu 12.04 off the hard drive does not work.
The version of Grub 2 that comes with Ubuntu has a bug in how it handles memory mapping in the UEFI environment that causes the system to crash the UEFI firmware upon trying to load the kernel and initrd. Upstream grub2 has been patched to resolve this issue, but the updates have not been pulled into Ubuntu 12.04 yet.
The patch can be found here.
- Possible workarounds include:
- Looking at using grub-legacy or elilo instead of grub2 when installing in UEFI mode.
- Working on getting Canonical to pull in an updated version of Grub2 that has the patch that fixes the issue.
10.6. What Had to Be Changed?¶
The following changes have been made:
- We now generate per-node OS installation scripts and UEFI/PXE config files on the fly instead of having per-OS install scripts and config files. This was needed to support network installation of Redhat and CentOS due to anaconda not being able to find out what NIC it booted from when installing in UEFI mode. For consistency between the UEFI and PXE netboot codepaths, the per-machine UEFI and PXE config files are now IP address specific instead of MAC address specific.
- When systems operate in UEFI mode, we manage the boot order directly instead of assuming that we will always netboot.
Each of the OS flavors we support uses a different bootloader for UEFI (CentOS and Redhat use grub1, and Ubuntu uses grub2), and they do not have the right intersection of being able to netboot, being able to chainload, and operating reliably in a network environment to be useful. Instead we use elilo, and we grab the precompiled EFI app from Sourceforge instead of trying to compile things ourselves by either playing packaging shenanigans to keep our admin node bootable while juggling multiple bootloaders or having the provisioner handle messing with boot templates for multiple different bootloaders.
However, none of the UEFI capable bootloaders have been found have the ability to hand control back to UEFI to try the next thing in the boot sequence, which means that we can no longer assume that we will always netboot. Instead, efibootmgr has been added to Sledgehammer and the default package installs for the operating systems, and a piece of code that can change the boot order to be either nics-first or nics-last has been added to the rebar-hacks recipe in the deployer. This is based on the PXE state machine: if it is in execute state, it will set things to nics-last, otherwise it will set things to nics-first.
In order to make this work reliably, the community modifies the provisioner state machine to run chef-client on every node that is transitioning out of the execute state in order to ensure that the boot sequence gets updated. This failed when transitioning into reset or delete because those states deallocate all IP addresses to the nodes. To cope with that, the network barclamp recognizes when the admin network is being removed and arranges for the system to run dhcplient on all the interfaces until it gets an IP address. Since we run chef-client on the nodes before running it on the admin node, this should result in the system getting the same IP address it had before, which will let the chef-client run continue.